Infertility is considered the inability to conceive after one year
of unprotected intercourse.
Couples with concerns with this should seek an evaluation and medical
advice from an infertility specialist.
Women at high risk of infertility are over 35, or women with endometriosis,
fibroids, uterine blockage, or cervical scarring. Options for treatment
include: in-virto fertilization, fertility drugs, donor insemination,
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
for conception of a human embryo outside the mother's body.
Several ova, or eggs, are removed from the mother's body and placed
in special laboratory culture dishes (Petri dishes); sperm from the
father are then added.
If fertilization occurs, a fertilized ovum, after undergoing several
cell divisions, is either transferred to the mother's or a surrogate
mother's body for normal development in the uterus, or frozen for
Eggs can also now be frozen and fertilized later.